Cancer is a disease that occurs when cells begin to divide abnormally in the body, invading and affecting the health of other organs and tissues. Abnormal cells may develop and divide in any part of the body, such as the skin, bones, organs, and blood-forming or immune system tissues. Cancer care and treatment aims to eliminate uncontrolled cell division and prevent the spread of cancer cells.
The most common form of cancer is skin cancer, affecting approximately one million Americans every year. Non-melanoma skin cancer is often caused by exposure to damaging UV rays from the sun, but may also occur following exposure to radiation or damaging chemicals. Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that often develops from an existing mole or grouping of melanin-forming cells that create pigmentation in the skin.
Breast cancer can occur in both women or men, though it is 100 times more likely to occur in women because they possess a larger amount of breast tissue. Cancer of the breast may begin in the ducts that carry milk to the nipple or the lobules that produce milk. Current statistics indicate that one in every eight American women will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Breast cancer risk increases significantly with age, but may also be affected by genetic and lifestyle factors.
The colon is part of the large intestine. Cancers that form in the colon often arise in the cells that create and release fluids, and are called adenocarcinomas. In 2013, there have been 102, 480 new cases of colon and rectal cancer. 50,830 deaths have resulted from these forms of cancer. Screenings to detect cancerous polyps are recommended based on age and personal risk of developing this form of cancer.
At the JFK Medical Center Comprehensive Cancer Institute, our dedicated staff will work with you and your family to provide answers, support, and state-of-the-art cancer care. We also provide cancer screenings including diagnostic mammography. Check out our website or contact us at (561) 548-3553 to schedule an appointment.